The Motor Carrier Act, passed by Congress in 1935, replace the code of competition.The authorization the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) place was to regulate the trucking industry. Since then the ICC has been long abolished,however, it did quite a lot during its time.Based on the recommendations given by the ICC, Congress enacted the first hours of services regulation in 1938. This limited driving hours of truck and bus drivers.In 1941, the ICC reported that inconsistent weight limitation imposed by the states cause problems to effective interstate truck commerce.
In 1976, the number one hit on the Billboard chart was "Convoy," a novelty song by C.W. McCall about a convoy of truck drivers evading speed traps and toll booths across America. The song inspired the 1978 action film Convoy directed by Sam Peckinpah. After the film's release, thousands of independent truck drivers went on strike and participated in violent protests during the 1979 energy crisis (although similar strikes had occurred during the 1973 energy crisis).
"Six Day on the Road" was a trucker hit released in 1963 by country music singer Dave Dudley. Bill Malone is an author as well as a music historian.He notes the song "effectivelycaptured both the boredom and the excitement, as well as the swaggering masculinity that often accompanied long distance trucking."
Many modern trucksare powered bydiesel engines, although small to medium size trucks with gas engines exist in the United States.The European Union rules that vehicles with a gross combination of mass up to 3,500 kg (7,716 lb) are also known as light commercial vehicles. Any vehicles exceeding that weightare knownas large goods vehicles.
The number one hit on the Billboard chart in 1976 was quite controversial for the trucking industry. "Convoy," is a song about a group of reckless truck drivers bent on evading laws such as toll booths and speed traps.The song went on to inspire the film "Convoy", featuring defiant Kris Kristofferson screaming "piss on your law!" After the film's release, thousands of independent truck drivers went on strike. The participated in violent protests during the 1979 energy crisis.However, similar strikes had occurred during the 1973 energy crisis.
The concept of a bypass is a simple one. It is a road or highway thatpurposelyavoids or "bypasses" a built-up area, town, or village.Bypasseswere createdwith the intent to let through traffic flow without having to get stuck in local traffic. In general theyare supposedto reduce congestion in a built-up area. By doing so, road safety willgreatlyimprove.
A bypass designated for trucks traveling a long distance, either commercial or otherwise,is calleda truck route.