Logo
Logo

International Shipping Guide

Shipping Guide

International Shipping Guide

  1. Going International: The Basics
  2. Shipper
  3. Shipping Company
  4. Shipping Origin Agent
  5. Freight Handler
  6. Consolidation Warehouse
  7. Port
  8. Shipping Line
  9. Container Line
  10. Destination Port
  11. Bonded Warehouse
  12. Shipping Destination Agent
  13. Shipping Broker



1. Going International: The Basics

When moving internationally, there are many things that must be taken into consideration. Most people will only make a move of this magnitude once in their lifetimes. Most of the people that move to another country do not have the slightest clue how to go about it. Moving Authority is here to help guide first-time international movers in their goal of making a successful international move.

There are many different parties involved in cross-country moves. It may help you to understand how your goods get from one place to another, especially if you still have some weariness about moving all of your possessions across an ocean.


2. Shipper

You are the shipper since you are the one sending the goods. By accepting your role as the shipper, you are also accepting that you take legal responsibility for all of the goods that are being exported out of your country and imported to the new country. You should set some extra money aside in the event that something unexpected should arise.


3. Shipping Company

Whichever moving company you choose will play the role of the move manager. This company will make sure the shipment gets where it needs to go. You will sign a very lengthy contract with this company outlining your aforementioned responsibilities to the goods you are shipping. This company will also send you a final bill. This is also the company that will handle any questions you may have about the shipment, as well as any claims that need to be made, or if you just need some updates on your goods. Any other parties that have control of your goods will be subcontracted employees.


4. Shipping Origin Agent

This company will be responsible for doing a visual examination of the shipment before it begins the export process. They will then give you a quote for the cost of the move. This role may also be filled by the company that you chose to ship the items with.


5. Freight Handler

This company will be in charge of the ocean transport of your goods. They will draw up a bill of lading, which is a document that has your information, as well as information that pertains to your shipment. This company will transport your items from your home or other pickup location to the port where they will be shipped out from.


6. Consolidation Warehouse

Depending on the size of your shipment, you may or may not have a shared shipping container. If you do have a shared container, then your goods will be placed in a warehouse until there is another shipment that can be placed in the container. This may seem counterproductive, but it is just another part of the international shipping process that you will never see, but that is necessary.


7. Port

At this point in the process, your goods are sealed and ready to be transported to the new country. You will not see any part of the goods being loaded onto the ship. The most important piece of information you need to get regarding this is whether the port fees are included in the overall price. They almost always are, but it is better to be safe.


8. Shipping Line

The shipping line is the group or company that operates the ship. They will create a seaway bill of lading, which you will never see. Shipping lines are a vital part of the country to country relations, as well as to the economy. Since they are so important, they have a little more freedom than a traditional land shipping company. First off, they are allowed to overbook their ships, and simply delay some shipments until the next available ship. This could mean additional charges for you, the shipper. They also have the right to ‘end voyage” if they feel that the import port is not reachable due to outside circumstances. Furthermore, the ship lines have the right to throw cargo overboard if they feel that the vessel may sink.  Shipping lines can also make changes to schedules if they need to. The shipping line does not claim any responsibility for the loss of cargo during transport. In the end, shipping lines have a lot of high priority items to get from one port to another, and your household goods simply do not take importance over other goods.


9. Container Line

This is the company that manages the containers that your goods are in. This will have little relevance to you.


10. Destination Port

This is where your goods are unloaded once they finally reach the destination country. You will have to pay for destination handling charges, which are sometimes left out of the initial estimate. However, they must be paid. In any circumstance, you must pay these charges. Expect the charges to be somewhere upwards of $1,500, regardless of how large or small your shipment is.


11. Bonded Warehouse

This warehouse will hold your goods until they are cleared to enter the country. Some countries, such as Canada, require you to be at the warehouse when the goods are being inspected by customs officials. In other cases, however, countries may unload all of your goods and inspect them before informing you of their arrival.


12. Shipping Destination Agent

This company will handle your goods once they arrive in the new country. They will oversee customs clearance, port business, and delivery to your new home.


13. Shipping Broker

A shipping broker is just an entity that manages your goods throughout the process of them arriving in the new country. They don’t do anything too important to the moving process, and none of their work is required. Because of this, you can expect to pay a relatively high price for move brokers.

In the end, it is important to be familiar with the process of shipping goods internationally. Knowing what is happening every step of the way can protect you from having to pay big bucks in the event that something should go wrong.

There are currently no comments

Add Comment

required

required (not published)

optional

Prior to the 20th century, freight was generally transported overland via trains and railroads. During this time, trains were essential, and they were highly efficient at moving large amounts of freight. But, they could only deliver that freight to urban centers for distribution by horse-drawn transport. Though there were several trucks throughout this time, they were used more as space for advertising that for actual utility. At this time, the use of range for trucks was quite challenging. The use of electric engines, lack of paved rural roads, and small load capacities limited trucks to most short-haul urban routes.

In many countries, driving a truck requires a special driving license. The requirements and limitations vary with each different jurisdiction.

In the United States, shipments larger than about 7,000 kg (15,432 lb) are classified as truckload freight (TL). It is more efficient and affordable for a large shipment to have exclusive use of one larger trailer. This is opposed to having to share space on a smaller Less than Truckload freight carrier.

With the partial deregulation of the trucking industry in 1980 by the Motor Carrier Act, trucking companies increased. The workforce was drastically de-unionized. As a result, drivers received a lower pay overall. Losing its spotlight in the popular culture, trucking had become less intimate as some unspoken competition broke out. However, the deregulation only increased the competition and productivity with the trucking industry as a whole. This was beneficial to the America consumer by reducing costs. In 1982 the Surface Transportation Assistance Act established a federal minimum truck weight limits. Thus, trucks were finally standardized truck size and weight limits across the country. This was also put in to place so that across country traffic on the Interstate Highways resolved the issue of the 'barrier states'.

Another film released in 1975, White Line Fever, also involved truck drivers. It tells the story of a Vietnam War veteran who returns home to take over his father's trucking business. But, he soon finds that corrupt shippers are trying to force him to carry illegal contraband. While endorsing another negative connotation towards the trucking industry, it does portray truck drivers with a certain wanderlust.

As most people have experienced, moving does involve having the appropriate materials. Some materials you might find at home or may be more resourceful to save money while others may choose to pay for everything. Either way materials such as boxes, paper, tape, and bubble wrap with which to pack box-able and/or protect fragile household goods. It is also used to consolidate the carrying and stacking on moving day. Self-service moving companies offer another viable option. It involves the person moving buying a space on one or more trailers or shipping containers. These containers are then professionally driven to the new location.

Popular among campers is the use of lightweight trailers, such as aerodynamic trailers. These can be towed by a small car, such as the BMW Air Camper. They are built with the intent to lower the tow of the vehicle, thus minimizing drag.

In some states, a business route is designated by adding the letter "B" after the number instead of placing a "Business" sign above it. For example, Arkansas signs US business route 71 as "US 71B". On some route shields and road signs, the word "business" is shortened to just "BUS". This abbreviation is rare and usually avoided to prevent confusion with bus routes.

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) is an agency within the United States Department of Transportation. The purpose of the FMCSA is to regulate safety within the trucking and moving industry in the United States. The FMCSA enforces safety precautions that reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities involving large trucks and buses.

Truckload shipping is the movement of large amounts of cargo. In general, they move amounts necessary to fill an entire semi-trailer or inter-modal container. A truckload carrier is a trucking company that generally contracts an entire trailer-load to a single customer. This is quite the opposite of a Less than Truckload (LTL) freight services. Less than Truckload shipping services generally mix freight from several customers in each trailer. An advantage Full Truckload shipping carriers have over Less than Truckload carrier services is that the freight isn't handled during the trip. Yet, in an LTL shipment, goods will generally be transported on several different trailers.

The FMCSA has established rules to maintain and regulate the safety of the trucking industry. According to FMCSA rules, driving a goods-carrying CMV more than 11 hours or to drive after having been on duty for 14 hours, is illegal. Due to such heavy driving, they need a break to complete other tasks such as loading and unloading cargo, stopping for gas and other required vehicle inspections, as well as non-working duties such as meal and rest breaks. The 3-hour difference between the 11-hour driving limit and 14 hour on-duty limit gives drivers time to take care of such duties. In addition, after completing an 11 to 14 hour on duty period, the driver much be allowed 10 hours off-duty.

In 1986 Stephen King released horror film "Maximum Overdrive", a campy kind of story. It is really about trucks that become animated due to radiation emanating from a passing comet. Oddly enough, the trucks force humans to pump their diesel fuel. Their leader is portrayed as resembling Spider-Man's antagonist Green Goblin.

The USDOT (USDOT or DOT) is considered a federal Cabinet department within the U.S. government. Clearly, this department concerns itself with all aspects of transportation with safety as a focal point. The DOT was officially established by an act of Congress on October 15, 1966, beginning its operation on April 1, 1967. Superior to the DOT, the United States Secretary of Transportation governs the department. The mission of the DOT is to "Serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible, and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life for the American people, today and into the future." Essentially this states how important it is to improve all types of transportation as a way to enhance both safety and life in general etc. It is important to note that the DOT is not in place to hurt businesses, but to improve our "vital national interests" and our "quality of life". The transportation networks are in definite need of such fundamental attention. Federal departments such as the USDOT are key to this industry by creating and enforcing regulations with intentions to increase the efficiency and safety of transportation. 

The American Association of State Highway Officials (AASHO) was organized and founded on December 12, 1914. On November 13, 1973, the name was altered to the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. This slight change in name reflects a broadened scope of attention towards all modes of transportation. Despite the implications of the name change, most of the activities it is involved in still gravitate towards highways.

Business routes generally follow the original routing of the numbered route through a city or town. Beginning in the 1930s and lasting thru the 1970s was an era marking a peak in large-scale highway construction in the United States. U.S. Highways and Interstates were typically built in particular phases. Their first phase of development began with the numbered route carrying traffic through the center of a city or town. The second phase involved the construction of bypasses around the central business districts of the towns they began. As bypass construction continued, original parts of routes that had once passed straight thru a city would often become a "business route".

The concept of a bypass is a simple one. It is a road or highway that purposely avoids or "bypasses" a built-up area, town, or village. Bypasses were created with the intent to let through traffic flow without having to get stuck in local traffic. In general they are supposed to reduce congestion in a built-up area. By doing so, road safety will greatly improve.   A bypass designated for trucks traveling a long distance, either commercial or otherwise, is called a truck route.

Unfortunately for the trucking industry, their image began to crumble during the latter part of the 20th century. As a result, their reputation suffered. More recently truckers have been portrayed as chauvinists or even worse, serial killers. The portrayals of semi-trailer trucks have focused on stories of the trucks becoming self-aware. Generally, this is with some extraterrestrial help.

Light trucks are classified this way because they are car-sized, yet in the U.S. they can be no more than 6,300 kg (13,900 lb). These are used by not only used by individuals but also businesses as well. In the UK they may not weigh more than 3,500 kg (7,700 lb) and are authorized to drive with a driving license for cars. Pickup trucks, popular in North America, are most seen in North America and some regions of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Although Europe doesn't seem to follow this trend, where the size of the commercial vehicle is most often made as vans.

With the ending of World War I, several developments were made to enhance trucks. Such an example would be by putting pneumatic tires replaced the previously common full rubber versions. These advancements continued, including electric starters, power brakes, 4, 6, and 8 cylinder engines. Closed cabs and electric lighting followed. The modern semi-trailer truck also debuted. Additionally, touring car builders such as Ford and Renault entered the heavy truck market.

A moving company, removalist, or van line are all companies that help people as well as other businesses to move their goods from one place to another. With many inclusive services for relocation like packing, loading, moving, unloading, unpacking and arranging of items can all be taken care of for you. Some services may include cleaning the place and have warehousing facilities.