With the partial deregulation of the trucking industry in 1980 by the Motor Carrier Act, trucking companies increased. The workforce wasdrasticallyde-unionized. As a result, drivers received a lower payoverall.Losing its spotlight in the popular culture, trucking had become less intimate as some unspoken competition broke out.However, the deregulation only increased the competition and productivity with the trucking industry as a whole. This was beneficial to the America consumer by reducing costs.In 1982 the Surface TransportationAssistanceAct established a federalminimumtruck weight limits. Thus, trucks were finally standardized truck size and weight limits across the country.This was also put in to place so that across country traffic on the Interstate Highways resolved the issue of the 'barrier states'.
Invented in 1890, the diesel engine was not an invention that became well known in popular culture.It was not until the 1930's for the United States to express further interest for diesel engines tobe accepted.Gasoline engines were still in use on heavy trucks in the 1970's, while in Europe they had beenentirelyreplaced two decades earlier.
In the United States, a commercial driver's license is required to drive any type of commercial vehicle weighing 26,001 lb (11,794 kg) or more. In 2006 the US trucking industry employed 1.8 million drivers of heavy trucks.
As the American Interstate Highway System began to expand in the 1950's, the trucking industry began to take over a large market share. That is, a large share of the transportation of goods throughout the country. Before this era, trains hadbeen reliedon to transport the bulk of the goods cross country or state to state.The Interstate Highway System was influential as it allows for merchandise to travel door to door with ease.Since then, truckload carriers have taken advantage of the interstate system, especially when performing a long distance move.Typically, they bring the merchandise from one distribution center of the country to another part of the country.The increase in truckload freight transportation has reduced the time it takes to transport the goods.Whether the freightwas manufacturedor produced for the different areasinternationally, the time it takes to transport goods has decreased dramatically.
The concept of a bypass is a simple one. It is a road or highway thatpurposelyavoids or "bypasses" a built-up area, town, or village.Bypasseswere createdwith the intent to let through traffic flow without having to get stuck in local traffic. In general theyare supposedto reduce congestion in a built-up area. By doing so, road safety willgreatlyimprove.
A bypass designated for trucks traveling a long distance, either commercial or otherwise,is calleda truck route.
With the onset of trucking culture, truck drivers often became portrayed as protagonists in popular media.Author Shane Hamilton, who wrote "Trucking Country: The Road to America's Wal-Mart Economy", focuses on truck driving.He explores the history of trucking and while connecting it development in the trucking industry.It is important to note, as Hamilton discusses the trucking industry and how it helps the so-called big-box stores dominate the U.S. marketplace. Hamiltoncertainlytakes an interesting perspectivehistoricallyspeaking.