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QuestionA semi-trailer is almost exactly what it sounds like, it is a trailer without a front axle.Proportionally, its weightis supported bytwo factors. The weight falls upon a road tractor or by a detachable front axle assembly, known as a dolly. Generally, a semi-traileris equippedwith legs, known in the industry as "landing gear". This means it canbe loweredto support it when itis uncoupled. In the United States, a trailer may not exceed a length of 57 ft (17.37 m) on interstate highways.However, it is possible to link two smaller trailers together to reach a length of 63 ft (19.20 m).

QuestionDOT officers of each state are generally in charge of the enforcement of the Hours of Service (HOS). These are sometimes checked when CMVs pass through weigh stations. Drivers found to be in violation of the HOS canbe forcedto stop driving for a certain period of time. This, in turn, maynegativelyaffect the motor carrier's safety rating. Requests to change the HOS are a source of debate. Unfortunately, many surveysindicatedriversroutinelyget away with violating the HOS.Such facts have started yet another debate on whether motor carriers shouldbe requiredto us EOBRs in their vehicles.Relying on paper-based log books does not always seem to enforce the HOS law put in place for the safety of everyone.

QuestionThe word cargo is in reference to particular goods that are generally used for commercial gain. Cargo transportation is generally meant to mean by ship, boat, or plane.However, the term now applies to all types of freight, now including goods carried by train, van, or truck.This term is now used in the case of goods in the cold-chain, as perishable inventory is always cargo in transport towards its final home.Even when itis heldin climate-controlled facilities, it is important to remember perishable goods or inventory have a short life.

Question

The FMCSA has established rules to maintain and regulate the safety of the trucking industry.According to FMCSA rules, driving a goods-carrying CMV more than 11 hours or to drive after having been on duty for 14 hours, is illegal.Due to such heavy driving, they need a break to complete other tasks such as loading and unloading cargo, stopping for gas and other required vehicle inspections, as well as non-working duties such as meal and rest breaks.The 3-hour difference between the 11-hour driving limit and 14 hour on-duty limit gives drivers time to take care of such duties.In addition, after completing an 11 to 14 hour on duty period, the driver muchbe allowed10 hours off-duty.

QuestionThe Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a division of the USDOT specializing in highway transportation. The agency's major influential activities are generally separated into two different "programs". The first is the Federal-aid Highway Program.This provides financial aid to support the construction, maintenance, and operation of the U.S. highway network.The second program, the Federal Lands Highway Program, shares a similar name with different intentions.The purpose of this program is to improve transportation involving Federal and Tribal lands.They also focus on preserving "national treasures" for the historic and beatific enjoyment for all.


QuestionAproperlyfitted close-coupled traileris fittedwith a rigid tow bar. It then projects from its front and hooks onto a hook on the tractor. It is important to not that it does not pivot as adraw bardoes.