In the United States, shipments larger than about 7,000 kg (15,432 lb)are classifiedas truckload freight (TL). It is more efficient and affordable for a large shipment to have exclusive use of one larger trailer. Thisis opposedto having to share space on a smaller Less than Truckload freight carrier.
The American Trucking Associations initiated in 1985 with the intent to improve the industry's image. With public opinion declining the association triednumerousmoves.One such move was changing the name of the "National Truck Rodeo" to the "National Driving Championship". This was due to the fact that the word rodeo seemed to imply recklessness and reckless driving.
In 1938, the now-eliminated Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) enforced the first Hours of Service (HOS) rules. Drivers became limited to 12 hours of work within a 15-hour period.At this time, work included loading, unloading, driving, handling freight, preparing reports, preparing vehicles for service, or performing any other duty in relation to the transportation of passengers or property.
The ICC intended for the 3-hour difference between 12 hours of work and 15 hours on-duty tobe usedfor meals and rest breaks.This meant that the weekly maxwas limitedto 60 hours over 7 days (non-dailydrivers), or 70 hours over 8 days (daily drivers). With these rules in place, it allowed 12 hours of work within a 15-hour period, 9 hours of rest, with 3 hours for breaks within a 24-hour day.
There are many different types of trailers thatare designedto haul livestock, such as cattle or horses.Mostcommonlyused are the stock trailer, whichis enclosedon the bottom but has openings at approximately. This opening is at the eye level of the animalsin order toallow ventilation. A horse trailer is a much more elaborate form of stock trailer. Generally horsesare hauledwith the purpose of attending or participating in competition.Due to this, they must be in peak physical condition, so horse trailersare designedfor the comfort and safety of the animals. They'retypicallywell-ventilated with windows and vents along withspecificallydesigned suspension. Additionally, horse trailers have internal partitions that assist animals staying upright during travel. It's also to protect other horses from injuring each other in transit.There are also larger horse trailers that may incorporate more specialized areas for horse tack. They may even include elaborate quarters with sleeping areas, bathroom, cooking facilities etc.
In 1986 Stephen King released horror film "MaximumOverdrive", a campy kind of story.It isreallyabout trucks that become animated due to radiation emanating from a passing comet.Oddlyenough, the trucks force humans to pump their diesel fuel. Their leaderis portrayedas resembling Spider-Man's antagonist Green Goblin.
Smoke and the Banditwas releasedin 1977, becoming the third-highest grossing movie.Following only behind Star Wars Episode IV and Close Encounter of the Third Kind, all three movies making an impact on popular culture.Conveniently, during that same year, CB Bears debuted as well. The Saturday morning cartoon features mystery-solving bears who communicate by CB radio. As the 1970's decade began to end and the 80's broke through, the trucking phenomenon had wade.With the rise of cellular phone technology, the CB radio was no longer popular with passenger vehicles, but, truck drivers still use it today.