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The city sits on the southern end of the former lake bed of the prehistoric Lake Chicago , and also the current Lake Michigan . Most of the city's soil nearly one foot below the surface is pure sand. The sand beneath Gary, and on its beaches, is of such high quality that in years past it was mined for the manufacture of glass.
According to the 2010 census, Gary has a total area of 57.18 square miles (148.10 km 2 ), of which 49.87 square miles (129.16 km 2 ) (or 87.22%) is land and 7.31 square miles (18.93 km 2 ) (or 12.78%) is water.
Gary is "T" shaped, with its northern border on Lake Michigan . At the Northwesternmost section Gary borders Hammond and East Chicago . Miller Beach , its easternmost neighborhood, borders Lake Station and Portage . Gary's southernmost section borders Griffith , Hobart , Merrillville , and unincorporated Ross . Gary is about 40 miles (64 km) from the Chicago Loop .
Did You Know

QuestionInvented in 1890, the diesel engine was not an invention that became well known in popular culture.It was not until the 1930's for the United States to express further interest for diesel engines tobe accepted.Gasoline engines were still in use on heavy trucks in the 1970's, while in Europe they had beenentirelyreplaced two decades earlier.

QuestionIn 1978 Sylvester Stallone starred in the film "F.I.S.T.". The story islooselybased on the 'Teamsters Union'. This union is a labor union which includes truck drivers as well as its then president, Jimmy Hoffa.

QuestionPopular among campers is the use of lightweight trailers, such as aerodynamic trailers. These canbe towed bya small car, such as the BMW Air Camper. Theyare builtwith the intent to lower the tow of the vehicle, thus minimizing drag.

QuestionWithin the world of transportation, bypass routes are often very controversial.This ismostlydue to the fact that theyrequirethe building of a road carrying heavy traffic where no road existed before.This has created conflict among society thus creating a divergence between those in support of bypasses and those whoare opposed. Supporters believe they reduce congestion in built up areas. Those in opposition do not believe in developing (often rural) undeveloped land.In addition, the cities thatare bypassedmay also oppose such a project as reduced traffic may, in turn, reduce and damage business.

QuestionDOT officers of each state are generally in charge of the enforcement of the Hours of Service (HOS). These are sometimes checked when CMVs pass through weigh stations. Drivers found to be in violation of the HOS canbe forcedto stop driving for a certain period of time. This, in turn, maynegativelyaffect the motor carrier's safety rating. Requests to change the HOS are a source of debate. Unfortunately, many surveysindicatedriversroutinelyget away with violating the HOS.Such facts have started yet another debate on whether motor carriers shouldbe requiredto us EOBRs in their vehicles.Relying on paper-based log books does not always seem to enforce the HOS law put in place for the safety of everyone.

QuestionAdvocation for better transportation beganhistoricallyin the late 1870s of the United States. This is when the Good Roads Movement first occurred, lasting all the way throughout the 1920s. Bicyclist leaders advocated for improved roads.Their acts led to the turning of local agitation into the national political movement it became.