In the United States, commercial truck classificationis fixed byeach vehicle's gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR). There are 8 commercial truck classes, ranging between 1 and 8.Trucks are also classified in a more broad way by the DOT's Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). The FHWA groups them together, determining classes 1-3 as light duty, 4-6 as medium duty, and 7-8 as heavy duty.The United States Environmental Protection Agency has its own separate system of emission classifications for commercial trucks.Similarly, the United States Census Bureau had assigned classifications of its own in its now-discontinued Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey (TIUS,formerlyknown as the Truck Inventory and Use Survey).
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) is an agency within the United States Department of Transportation.The purpose of the FMCSA is to regulate safety within the trucking and moving industry in the United States.The FMCSA enforces safety precautions that reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities involving large trucks and buses.
In the moving industry, transportation logistics management isincrediblyimportant.Essentially, it is the management that implements and controls efficiency, the flow of storage of goods, as well as services.This includes related information between the point of origin and the point of consumption to meet customer's specifications.Logistics is quite complex but canbe modeled, analyzed, visualized, and optimized by simulation software.Generally, the goal of transportation logistics management is to reduce or cut the use of such resources.A professional working in the field of moving logistics managementis calleda logistician.
As the American Interstate Highway System began to expand in the 1950's, the trucking industry began to take over a large market share. That is, a large share of the transportation of goods throughout the country. Before this era, trains hadbeen reliedon to transport the bulk of the goods cross country or state to state.The Interstate Highway System was influential as it allows for merchandise to travel door to door with ease.Since then, truckload carriers have taken advantage of the interstate system, especially when performing a long distance move.Typically, they bring the merchandise from one distribution center of the country to another part of the country.The increase in truckload freight transportation has reduced the time it takes to transport the goods.Whether the freightwas manufacturedor produced for the different areasinternationally, the time it takes to transport goods has decreased dramatically.
A circumferential route refers to a public transportation system that follows the route in the shape of a circle.Over time a nickname developed in the European Union, calling transportation networks such as these a "ring road".This is no surprise as Europe has several famous "ring roads" such as the Berliner Ring, the Brussels Ring, the Amsterdam Ring, the Boulevard Périphérique around Paris and the Leeds Inner and Outer ring roads. Other countries adopted the term as well which in turn made the name go international.Australia's Melbourne's Western Ring Road and India's Hyderabad's Outer Ring Road both adopted the name.Howeverin Canada, the term is mostcommonlyused, with "orbital" used to a much lesser extent.
On the contrary, the United States calls many "ring roads" as belt-lines, beltways, or loops instead.For example, the Capital Beltway around Washington, D.C. Some ring roads use terminology such as "Inner Loop" and "Outer Loop".This is, of course, for the sake of directional sense, since compass directions cannotbe determinedaround the entire loop.
Tracing the origins of particular words can be quite different with so many words in the English Dictionary.Some say the word "truck" might have come from a back-formation of "truckle", meaning "small wheel" or "pulley". In turn, both sources emanate from the Greektrokhos(τροχός), meaning "wheel", fromtrekhein(τρέχειν, "to run").